How To Clean Sofas – Identifying Fibres Wool

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Identifying Fibres Wool

Fibres fall into three main categories

  1. Natural Protein fibres
  2. Natural Cellulosic fibres
  3. Synthetic fibres

Natural Protein Or Animal Fibres Like Wool, Hair, Silk

This is the protein group of fibres.

Problems when Cleaning This Group Of Fibres

Reaction To Bleaches

Household bleaches that contain sodium hyochlorite or chhorine will damage wool. Bleaches containing hydrogen peroxide or sodium perborate can be used safely.

Shrinkage

Wool is subject to shrinkage if wet cleaned particularly at very high temperature. Wool becomes harsh at 212 degrees fahrenheit.

Effect Of Light

Wool is weakened by prolonged exposure to light

Fastness Of Colour

Because of their high affinity for dyes, Wool dye well and evenly. that means that stain

Resistance To Mildew

Wool is not normally susceptible to mildew, but if left damp mildew will develop.

Reaction To Alkalis

Wool is quickly damaged by strong alkalis. Its important to use low pH detergents when cleaning wool. and neutralise with an acid rinsing solution.

Reaction To Acids

Although wool is damaged by hot sulphuric acid, it is usually not affected by other acids even when heated.