Identifying Fibres Wool
Fibres fall into three main categories
- Natural Protein fibres
- Natural Cellulosic fibres
- Synthetic fibres
Natural Protein Or Animal Fibres Like Wool, Hair, Silk
This is the protein group of fibres.
Problems when Cleaning This Group Of Fibres
Reaction To Bleaches
Household bleaches that contain sodium hyochlorite or chhorine will damage wool. Bleaches containing hydrogen peroxide or sodium perborate can be used safely.
Wool is subject to shrinkage if wet cleaned particularly at very high temperature. Wool becomes harsh at 212 degrees fahrenheit.
Effect Of Light
Wool is weakened by prolonged exposure to light
Fastness Of Colour
Because of their high affinity for dyes, Wool dye well and evenly. that means that stain
Resistance To Mildew
Wool is not normally susceptible to mildew, but if left damp mildew will develop.
Reaction To Alkalis
Wool is quickly damaged by strong alkalis. Its important to use low pH detergents when cleaning wool. and neutralise with an acid rinsing solution.
Reaction To Acids
Although wool is damaged by hot sulphuric acid, it is usually not affected by other acids even when heated.